One of the strongest justifications for disclosure laws is the need for sunlight to operate as a policeman, shedding light on the ne’er-do-wells seeking to stealthily promote a scary agenda behind docile sounding committee names.
For instance, the group Citizens for a Strong National Defense could end up being funded by a dozen Christian pacifists, or the Committee to Protect the Environment could be funded by a couple businessmen who believe the Clean Water Act ought to be repealed.
In McConnell v. Federal Election Commission, the Supreme Court used this argument to justify the constitutionality of donor disclosure, pointing out that a group called Republicans for Clean Air was actually just two brothers. President Obama has also used this line of reasoning, suggesting that ” a group can hide behind a name like ‘Citizens for a Better Future,’ even if a more accurate name would be ‘Companies for Weaker Oversight.'”