Why Do Political Action Committees Give Money to Candidates? Campaign Contributions, Policy Choices, and Election Outcomes

This article addresses the reasons that political action committees (PAC) give contributions to campaigns, and if the PAC’s motive is to influence the votes of legislators through their contributions.  The author provides a model of PAC behavior, and equations that are described throughout the article.  Through the models and equations, the author concludes that PACs give money to candidates to affect the probability of the candidate being elected.

Filed Under: Contribution Limits, Contribution Limits, Contributions & Limits, Research, Contribution Limits, Political Committees & 527s, Contributions & Limits, Political Committees & 527s

A Simple Explanation for Why Campaign Expenditures are Increasing: the Government is Getting Bigger

In this paper, John R. Lott, Jr. explains that most of the recent increases in campaign spending for federal and state offices can be explained by higher government spending. This result holds for both federal and state legislative campaigns and for gubernatorial races as well as across many different specifications. The author also examines whether […]

Filed Under: Expenditure, External Relations Sub-Pages, Issues, Money in Politics, Research, money in politics, Expenditure, Expenditure

PACs and Parties

This chapter first appeared in Money, Elections, and Democracy: Reforming Congressional Campaign Finance, edited by Margaret Lotus Nugent and John R. Johannes (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1990), pp. 187–204. In “PACs and Parties,” Sabato, a professor of political science at the University of Virginia and the author of several books on the American political process, considers the relationship between political action committees and political parties, especially since the passage of the campaign finance legislation of the 1970s.

Filed Under: Political Committees & 527s, Political Parties, Research, Coordination, Political Committees & 527s, Coordination, Political Committees & 527s, Political Parties